Chronic Diseases

The definition of Chronic Disease is "a long lasting condition that can be controlled not cured." Chronic diseases are some of the most common and costly of all health problems, as well as being the most preventable. Chronic Disease is an umbrella term which is used to describe a wide variety of different conditions which affect several (and often multiple) parts of the body. The heart, the lungs, the kidneys, the brain, the muscles and the joints as well of the blood vessels are some of the areas which are commonly affected. Chronic Disease becomes more common with age.

Types of Chronic Diseases

There are a number of different chronic conditions which exist and it is difficult to name them all in such a short article. The most common include:


  • Cardiovascular (heart disease and strokes)
  • Cancer
  • Chronic respiratory diseases
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Neurological disorders (Parkinson's etc...)
  • A variety of others such as Muscular Dystrophy, Multiple Sclerosis, Osteoporosis, Arthritis etc...)


Contributing Factors

There are a number of factors which increase the risk of chronic disease, the main ones being: smoking, lack of physical activity, poor nutrition, and alcohol abuse. Other contributing factors (although to a much lesser extent) are: infectious agents, air pollution, poverty, psychosocial and genetic factors.

Biokinetics / Exercise Rehabilitations and Chronic Diseases

Exercise is always good for you, however the benefits of exercise are particularly important for people with chronic diseases. It is important to understand that living with a chronic disease means that exercise is essential to improving quality of life. It is however also important to find a level of exercise that is safe. Things such as physical condition, age and the stage of the disease all affect the appropriate level of exercise.

Biokinetics / Exercise rehabilitation has a number of benefits. General benefits include: reducing cholesterol, lowing blood pressure, increasing the strength as well as functionality of the heart. This exercise also reduces the need for medication and reduces stress. More specific benefits include: improving gait, improving balance and proprioception, reducing the risk of falls and improving performance of specific activities which deteriorate due to the chronic condition (i.e. sit to stands, walking up stairs etc...)

At Gareth Devine Biokineticist

A full assessment is done which is specifically tailored to your needs and your specific condition. A full medical history, postural analysis, muscle strength and flexibility testing as well as functional and specific screening is done in order to ensure that you receive the best and most relevant rehabilitation program to suit your personal needs. Our biokineticists do their absolute best to ensure you feel safe and comfortable while exercising and that you are able to achieve the very best of your abilities.